Twice Over (UK)

Observatory - Double Crossed (Caerleon)
Bay 2005, Height 16.3 hh
Fee Details: 2018 - R50k + VAT (R10k deposit – R40k live foal)

Twice Over is the first sire in the modern era to get a 3yo winner of the Durban July - you have to go back to the 1960’s to find the likes of Colorado King and Naval Escort


Sire of Cape & KZN Champion Gr1 winner Sand And Sea and Gr2 KZN Guineas Do It Again - from his first crop

UK & Joint European Champion 2009

Sales include: R2.1m, R1.2m, R1.1m, R1m, R1m, R900k, R800k, R750k etc

  • Son of a world Champion Miler
  • 13 of the first 14 sires in his pedigree are Champions
  • Undefeated in 2 starts at 2 yrs inc. Zetland Stakes
  • Won 4 Gr1 races & placed in a further 10 Gr1 races
  • Won over $4 million
  • Won 12 races incl 9 stakes races
  • Won or placed 26 times from 33 starts on 4 continents
  • Raced sound 2 to 6 years

Sales Statistics

  • 2016 Cape Premier Sale: Average R390,909 / Top price R1m
  • 2016 National Sale: Average R238,888 / Top price R1,1m
  • 2017 Cape Premier Sale: Average R678,125 / Top price R2,1m
  • 2017 National Sale: Average R318,000 / Top price R1,2m
  • 2018 Cape Premier Sale: Average R265,909 / Top price R900k
  • 2018 National Sale: Average R265,000 / Top price R1m

First season at stud in 2013

Champion Racehorse 2009 (TFR 128)
In UK, France, UAE & USA, 12 wins from 2-7 years, 1600-2100m, and place 14 times, for earnings of US$4,033,121
at 2 Undefeated in 2 starts at 2yrs (TFR 104)
at 3 WON Prix Eugene Adam (10f), Maisons-Laffitte, Gr.2
WON Craven Stakes (8f) (beating Raven’s Pass), Newmarket, Gr.3
2nd Champion Stakes (10f), Newmarket, G1
3rd St James’s Palace Stakes (8f), Ascot, G1
3rd Dante Stakes (10½f), York, Gr.2 (TFR 119)
at 4 WON Champion Stakes (10f), Newmarket, G1
WON Foundation Stakes (10f), Goodwood, L
3rd Breeders’ Cup Classic (10f) (to Zenyatta), Santa Anita, G1
3rd Lockinge Stakes (8f), Newbury, G1
3rd Earl of Sefton Stakes (9f), Newmarket, Gr.3.
Champion at 4 yrs (TFR 127)
at 5 WON Champion Stakes (10f), Newmarket, G1
WON Eclipse Stakes (10f), Sandown Park, G1
2nd Juddmonte International Stakes (10½f), York, G1
2nd Prince of Wales's Stakes (10f), Ascot, G1
2nd Irish Champion Stakes (10f), Leopardstown, G1 (TFR 128)
at 6 WON Juddmonte International Stakes (10.5f), York, G1   
WON York Stakes (10.5f) (beating Midday), York, Gr.2
WON Al Maktoum Challenge Round 3 (10f), Meydan, Gr.2 (TFR 128)
at 7 2nd Earl of Sefton Stakes (9f), Newmarket, Gr.3
3rd Gordon Richards Stakes (10f), Sandown, Gr.3
3rd  Eclipse Stakes, Sandown, (10f), G1

OBSERVATORY - World Champion Miler - Mr. Prospector line - Sire of 2 Champions incl: TWICE OVER and MARIE, as well as Haydock Sprint Cup Gr.1 winner AFRICAN ROSE, leading French 2-year-old filly HELLEBORINE, SOTTONE, VIOLETEE, CHASING STARS etc.

Name Sex Sire of Dam Sire of 2nd Dam Race Record
TWICE OVER C CAERLEON BLUSHING GROOM Gr1 x4, Gr1 pl x10, Gr2 x3, Gr2 pl, Gr3, Gr3 pl x3, L
Marie m Sire. Champion
African Rose f Turgeon Slew O'Gold Champion (Austria)
Sebastian Flyte c Quest For Fame Nijinski II Gr1, Gr1 pl, Gr2 pl, Gr3 pl x3, L, L pl
Helleborine f Night Shift Alleged Gr1 pl, Gr2 pl x2, Gr3 pl x3, L pl x2
Violette m Quest For Fame Nijinski II Gr1 pl, Gr3, Gr3 pl, L
Wire To Wire c Pursuit Of Love Shareef Dancer Gr2 pl, Gr3, Gr3 pl, L pl
Waldjagd f Royal Academy Shy Groom Gr2 pl, L
Nosedive g Acatenango Frontal Gr2 pl, L pl x4
Sottone c Dr Fong Pursuit Of Love Gr2 pl, L pl
Gold Option c Barathea Local Suitor Gr3 pl x2, L x3
Chasing Stars f The Minstrel Le Fabuleux Gr3 pl x2
Nidhaal m Nureyev Roberto Gr3 pl, L, L pl x2
Armand g Mujtahid Kris Gr3 pl, L, L pl x2
Mpumalanga m Nijinski II Bon Mot Gr3 pl
Piperita f Dayjur Liloy Gr3 pl
Star Cluster m Pursuit Of Love Last Tycoon L, L pl
Gulapa c Danzig Sir Ivor L, L pl
Argumentative f Spectrum Polish Precedent L pl x7
Davie's Story c Danzig Private Account L pl x2
Grey Outlook f Lure Unpridictable L pl
Just Like A Woman f Generous Graustark L pl
Observatory Distant View Mr Prospector Raise A Native - Native Dancer
Gold Digger - Nashua
Seven Springs Irish River - Riverman
La Trinite - Lyphard
Stellaria Roberto Hail to Reason - Turn-To
Bramalea - Nashua
Victoria Star Northern Dancer - Nearctic
Solometeor - Victoria Park
Double Crossed
Caerleon Nijinsky Northern Dancer - Nearctic
Flaming Page - Bull Page
Foreseer Round Table - Princequillo
Regal Gleam - Hail To Reason
Quandary Blushing Groom Red God - Nasrullah
Runaway Bride - Wild Risk
Lost Virtue Cloudy Dawn - Grey Dawn
Aunt Tilt - Tulyar


1st dam

DOUBLE CROSSED, won 2 races at 3 years viz Oaks Trial, Lingfield Park, L. placed once, from 4 starts; (H.Cecil); halfsister to the dam of TIMEPIECE , PASSAGE OF TIME and FATHER TIME (sire), dam of a winner-

TWICE OVER, Champion Racehorse - see above

2011 (f. by Observatory (USA)). 2012 (c. by Oasis Dream). 2013 TIF Oasis Dream

2nd dam

QUANDARY (USA), won 3 races at 4 years incl James Seymour St, Newmarket, L. & placed 3 times; half-sister to ALL AT SEA 2nd top rated 3yo filly, OVER THE OCEAN (sire), FULL VIRTUE, dam of 7 winners incl-

DOUBLE CROSSED - see above

CLEPSYDRA won 1 race at 3 years, placed 3 times; dam of-

TIMEPIECE 6 races from 2 to 4 years 2011 and £345,822 incl Falmouth St (8f), Gr.1, Warwickshire Oaks L., Sandringham Hcap, L., James Seymour St, L., Montrose Fillies’ St L., second in Nassau St, Gr.1, Prix Jean Romanet, Gr.1, third in Prix Rothschild, Gr.1, Middleton St, Gr.2.

PASSAGE OF TIME 5 races from 2 to 4 years incl Criterium de Saint-Cloud, Gr.1, Musidora St, Gr.3, Montrose Fillies’ St (8f), L., Steventon St, Newbury, L., third Prix Vermeille, Gr.1, Nassau St, Gr.1, Breeders’ Cup Filly and Mare Turf, Gr.1.

FATHER TIME (c. by Dansili), 2 races at 2 and 3 years incl King Edward VII St, Gr.2, third in Great Voltigeur St, Gr.2, Derby Trial, Gr.3, fourth in St Leger, Gr.1; sire.

3rd dam

LOST VIRTUE (USA), unraced; half-sister to grandam of PLEASURE PLACE, champion 2yo, dam of 9 winners incl-

ALL AT SEA (USA) 2nd top rated 3yo in France & 3rd top rated 3yo in Europe, 1992, won 5 races at 2 and 3 years incl Prix du Moulin (8f), Gr.1, Musidora St, Gr.3, 2nd Juddmonte International St Gr.1, Oaks St, Gr.1; dam of-

INSINUATE (USA), 1 race at 3 years viz Swinley St (8f), Ascot, L., third in Fern Hill St (8f), Ascot, L.; dam of

STRONGHOLD, 5 races incl Supreme St (7f), Goodwood, Gr.3, successful sire in SA,

TAKE THE HINT, 2 races incl Pretty Polly St, L. Grandam of STIPULATE, 2 races incl Feilden St (9f), L.

Imroz (USA), 3 races at 2 & 3 years, 3rd Las Cienegas Hcap (6½f), Gr.3 and City of York St (7f), L.; dam of

POSTERITAS (USA), 2 races at 3 years incl Virginia Rated St L.; grandam of MUTUAL TRUST, 3 races incl Prix Paul Jean Prat (8f), Chantilly, Gr.1.

Ixora (USA). Unraced. Dam of 5 foals, 4 to race, 4 winners-

ANTONOE (USA). 2 wins at 2, € 52,500, Prix d'Aumale, Gr3.

Upbeat Mood (USA). Winner at 2, placed at 5, 2015, $143,786, 3rd Manhattan BeachS. (BHP, $8,742), Runway S. (SA, $8,508).

Phinda (USA). Winner at 3, $24,347.

Mixora (USA). Winner at 3 in ENG.

OVER THE OCEAN (USA) won 6 races incl Prix Gontaut-Biron, Gr.3, Prix Perth, Gr.3; sire.

FULL VIRTUE (USA) won 7 races in U.S.A. from 3 to 5 years incl Wistful Hcap; dam of-

Last Quick (USA), 11 wins, 3rd Premio Parioli (8f), Gr.1. Charitable Gift, 4 wins, 2nd Pocahontas St (8f), L.; dam of Othello (USA), 1 win, 2nd Del Mar Futurity (6f), Gr.2; sire.

MAMA BUCKS, 2 wins, dam of COMMANDER BUCK , 9 wins incl Independence Hcap

Trick Trick (USA), grandam of HILDA’S PASSION (USA), 8 wins incl Ballerina St, Gr.1.

Poupon (USA) 11 races, second in Longacres Derby (9½f), Gr.3.

QUACK A DOODLEDOO (USA), won 3 races at 3 and 4 years; dam of-

Banshee Winds (USA), 3 races, 2nd Arlington-Washington Lassie St (8f), Gr.2; dam of BANSHEE BREEZE (USA), Champion 3yo filly USA 10 wins. incl CCA Oaks, Gr.1, Alabama St, Gr.1, Spinster St (9f), Gr.1, Go For Wand St (9f), Gr.1, Apple Blossom Hcap (8½f), Gr.1, UNBRIDLED WIND (USA), 4 races in U.S.A. incl Lemhi Go Hcap (8½f), Gulfstream Park, L.; grandam of WHIRL (USA), 6 races incl Premier Breeders’ Cup St (6f), L.

Karel Miedema’s Pedigree Evaluation

Sires Handbook -

Twice Over’s sire Observatory made his name on the track as giantkiller, getting the better of Giant’s Causeway who was en route to his sixth straight Gr1 win. The win earned Observatory a Timeform rating of 131, the fifth highest 3yo rating of the year, with Sinndar (134), Tiznow (133), Giant’s Causeway (133) and King’s Best (133) just marginally above him. Observatory was expected to have another
great season as a 4yo, but a hairline fracture of his pelvis after Royal Ascot ended his racing career and he went to stud. Twice Over, from his third crop, is his best progeny.

Observatory’s pedigree makes interesting reading. He’s from the same female line as Storm Bird (notably sire of Storm Cat). His grandam Victoria Star and 3rd dam Solometeor are both close kin to Storm Bird, with female line ancestor Solar Display a common factor. Pedigree analysts have long regarded Storm Bird to be very close kin to Nijinsky and The Minstrel, the relationship involving the presence of Bull Page and Flares/Omaha in the pedigrees of each. Storm Bird also has a kin-relationship with Blushing Groom, with Storm Bird’s 4th dam Dark Display and Blushing Groom’s third dam Emali close kin.

A glance at the pedigrees of Observatory’s best runners gives the impression that most of them appear to support the theories.
Twice Over: dam by Caerleon (Nijinsky), grandam by Blushing Groom.
African Rose & full sister Helleborine: dam by Quest For Fame (who is by Blushing Groom’s son Rainbow Quest, out of a mare by Nijinsky’s son Green Dancer), grandam by Nijinsky.
Violette: dam by Pursuit Of Love (who is by Blushing Groom’s son Groom Dancer, out of a mare by Nijinsky’s son Green Dancer).
Sottone: grandam by Local Suitor (son of Blushing Groom).
Sebastian Flyte: third dam is by Far North (full brother to The Minstrel) and is very close kin to Observatory’s grandam.
The Grey Berry: dam by Bin Ajwaad (son of Rainbow Quest, by Blushing Groom).
Armand: dam by Nijinsky.

On to Twice Over’s female line and its Gr1 winners. Double Crossed, the dam of Twice Over, is by Caerleon (by Nijinsky), out of Quandary (by Blushing Groom). She is kinbred through bottom female line ancestors, 5x5 No Fiddling x Blade Of Time.

Twice Over’s fourth dam Aunt Tilt is half sister to sire Damascus, their dam Kerala close kin to Blushing Groom’s 2nd dam Aimee (the pair 3x3 in Quandary).

Twice Over’s significant female line ancestors are Kerala and her dam Blade Of Time. Kerala is close kin to the grandam of Buckpasser, to Lalun (in Sadler’s Wells, Riverman), to Lassie Dear (by Buckpasser, and dam/grandam of Al Mufti/AP Indy), and very close kin to Lassie Dear’s grandam Missy Baba (also 3rd dam of Sportsworld).

Kerala’s daughter Aunt Tilt is close kin to influential mare Mixed Marriage.

Double Crossed is half sister to Clepsydra (Sadler’s Wells), the dam of Gr1 winners Passage Of Time (Dansili) and Timepiece (Zamindar).

Their dam Quandary (Blushing Groom) is half sister to Gr1 winner All At Sea (Riverman), to the grandam of US Champion Filly Banshee Breeze (Unbridled; dam by Known Fact, grandson of Mixed Marriage), and to the third dam of US G1 winner Hilda’s Passion (Canadian Frontier; dam by Sadler’s Wells’ son El Prado). The multiple presence of Sadler’s Wells and Riverman (both having Lalun) is perhaps more than just coincidence.

Where From Here

Suitable Lines for Twice Over could be drawn from the affinities in the pedigree of sire Observatory and/or those from his female line. They include Damascus, Nijinsky, Blushing Groom, Storm Bird, Buckpasser, Lalun, Missy Baba, Mixed Marriage.

Some ideas:
Damascus leads to Complete Warrior (damsire of Captain Al, by Roberto’s son Al Mufti), Rollins (dam full sister to Roberto; damsire of Jet Master); Right Approach (damsire Shadeed by Nijinsky out of Damascus mare);Damascus Gate (dam by Buckpasser).

Blushing Groom is sire of Jallad, Rainbow Quest (Spectrum, Saumarez), Comic Blush, and is in Lundy’s Liability (sire by Blushing Groom; grandam by Nijinsky).

Nijinsky is in Silvano, Lecture (grandam by Nijinsky, sire’s damsire is Buckpasser), Indigo Magic (dam by Caerleon), Russian Fox, Victory Moon (by Al Mufti, dam by Nijinsky’s son Dancing Champ), Parade Leader, Lundy’s Liability (sire by Blushing Groom), Royal Academy.

Storm Bird is found in Black Minnaloushe (by Storm Cat; dam by Nijinsky’s son Green Dancer), Tiger Dance (by Storm Cat, dam by son of Blushing Groom out of mare by Roberto), Windrush (dam by Storm Cat; sire’s damsire is Buckpasser), Carpocrates (by Storm Cat; 4th dam by Nijinsky), Tiger Ridge (by Storm Cat; grandam by Buckpasser).

Buckpasser is widespread, incl Northern Guest (dam by Buckpasser, grandam Best In Show is 3rd dam of Observatory’s SW Star Cluster), Al Mufti (by Roberto, also damsire of Observatory; dam Lassie Dear by Buckpasser).

Lalun is the dam of Bold Reason (in Sadler’s Wells), and of Never Bend (in Riverman, Mill Reef). Sadler’s Wells’ best SA-son Fort Wood is interesting, as his grandam Change Water is close kin to Kerala’s dam Blade Of Time (from the same female line is Kabool, whose sire Groom Dancer is by Blushing Groom). Riverman is sire of Irish River (with Rainbow Quest in Spectrum).

Missy Baba is female line ancestor of Al Mufti, AP Indy, Sportsworld – among others.

Mixed Marriage is female line ancestor of Gone West and half brother Known Fact. Gone West is sire of Western Winter, whose dam Chilly Hostess is close kin to the grandam of Observatory, to Storm Bird, and very close to The Minstrel. Gone West is also sire of Zafonic (whose full brother Zamindar sired Gr1 winner Timepiece, the latter half sister to the dam of Twice Over) – Zafonic is out of a mare by The Minstrel, and is sire of Count duBois and Dupont (the latter’s dam by Sadler’s Wells, and 2nd dam by Sharpen Up, a noted Mixed Marriage carrier).

Twice Over’s female line also produced SA sire Stronghold, who is a grandson of Gr1 winning mare All At Sea (by Riverman).


1 Damascus through Complete Warrior (Captain Al; Counter Action); Rollins (Jet Master); Damascus Gate; Right Approach.
2 Blushing Groom through Jallad, Rainbow Quest (Spectrum, Saumarez), Comic Blush, Lundy’s Liability, Kabool, Waldoboro, Our Casey’s Boy.
3 Nijinsky through Dancing Champ, Silvano, Lecture, Indigo Magic, Russian Fox, Victory Moon, Parade Leader, Right Approach, Tamburlaine.
4 Storm Bird through Black Minnaloushe, Windrush, Tiger Dance, Carpocrates, Manshood, Lake Coniston, Mogok.
5 Buckpasser (widespread), notably through Al Mufti, Northern Guest, Damascus Gate, etc.
6 Lalun through Sadler’s Wells (notably Fort Wood, Casey Tibbs), Riverman/Irish River (Spectrum, Nysaean, West Man), Mill Reef (Casey Tibbs, Almushtarak, Indigo Magic).
7 Missy Baba through Al Mufti, Sportsworld, AP Indy (Camden Park), Wolfhound, Fahal.
8 Mixed Marriage through Gone West (Western Winter, West Man, Count duBois, Dupont, Indigo Magic, Manaloj), Sharpen Up (Dominion Royale, Dupont).
9 Twice Over’s bottom female line (Stronghold, the imported mare Half A Sixpence).

Stands at Klawervlei Stud
Stud Master - John Köster
PO Box 266, Bonnievale, 6730
Tel: 023 616 2980 / Fax: 023 616 2548
Cell: 082 880 7943